Model for estimating the probability of “successful” bone marrow harvesting in unrelated donors
Mikhail Yu. Drokov, Kristina A. Zharikova, Larisa A. Kuzmina, Tatyana V. Gaponova, Vera A. Vasilyeva, Natalia N. Popova, Ekaterina D. Mikhalcova, Darya S. Dubnyak, Olga M. Koroleva, Olga N. Baiteriyakova, Elena N. Parovichnikova, Valery G. Savchenko
SummaryNational Research Center for Hematology, Moscow, Russian Federation
IntroductionDespite all advantages of using bone marrow (BM) as a graft source for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), this graft type also has some disadvantages. Lower T cell numbers provide both decreased rates of acute and chronic graft-versus host disease (GVHD), and an increased graft failure risk (GF). Bone marrow cellularity is the main factor which affects GF rate in BM recipients, especially in unrelated allo-HSCT. Thus, an increased rate of GF may be due to choosing improper stem cells source (marrow cells instead of peripheral blood stem cells) from the donors who cannot initially donate sufficient numbers of BM stem cells. Here we report a predictive model of “successful” (≥3*108/kg) BM harvesting from unrelated donors.
Patients and methodsThe data about age, weight and donor’s sex of 30 unrelated donors were aggregated from a donor center (DC), information about recipients was taken from medical histories at the transplant center (TC). Number of BM total nucleated cells (TNC) per kg of the recipient’s body weight was the variable of interest. A “successful” harvesting was defined as ≥3*108/kg, whereas lower cell amounts were interpreted as “unsuccessful”. A regression model was applied in order to evaluate probability of the “successful” harvesting. A fit model was assessed using the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodnessoffit test. The entire data analysis was conducted by means of SPSS ver 23. (IBM, Chicago, Ill., USA).
ResultsThe model equation is presented in Figure 1. Sensitivity for this model was 83.33% (95% CI, 51.59% to 97.91%); specificity, 76.47 % (95% CI, 50.10% to 93.19%). Randomly assigned expected and observed data based on the study results are presented in Table 1.
ConclusionHere we report a model based on “basic data” (age, weight, sex) and can be obtained long before donation. Application of this model into practice will help to exclude choosing of inappropriate stem cells source from donors who cannot “donate enough” with high sensitivity and specificity.
DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
KeywordsBone marrow, donor, harvesting, graft failure, model.
Volume 6, Number 3
09/27/2017 10:19:34 pm